How to compare if an HTML element exists in the node array? - javascript

selectedContentWrap: HTML nodes.
htmlVarTag: is an string.
How do I check if the HTML element exists in the nodes?
The htmlVarTag is a string and don't understand how to convert it so it check again if there is a tag like that so that if there is I can remove it?
here is output of my nodes that is stored in selectedContentWrap
var checkingElement = $scope.checkIfHTMLinside(selectedContentWrap,htmlVarTag );
$scope.checkIfHTMLinside = function(selectedContentWrap,htmlVarTag){
var node = htmlVarTag.parentNode;
while (node != null) {
if (node == selectedContentWrap) {
return true;
node = node.parentNode;
return false;

Well if you could paste the content of selectedContentWrap I would be able to test this code, but I think this would work
// Code goes here
var checkIfHTMLinside = function(selectedContentWrap,htmlVarTag){
for (item of selectedContentWrap) {
if (item.nodeName.toLowerCase() == htmlVarTag.toLowerCase()){
return true;
return false;

Simplest is use angular.element which is a subset of jQuery compatible methods
$scope.checkIfHTMLinside = function(selectedContentWrap,htmlVarTag){
// use filter() on array and return filtered array length as boolean
return selectedContentWrap.filter(function(str){
// return length of tag collection found as boolean
return angular.element('<div>').append(str).find(htmlVarTag).length
Still not 100% clear if objective is only to look for a specific tag or any tags (ie differentiate from text only)
Or as casually mentioned to actually remove the tag
If you want to remove the tag it's not clear if you simply want to unwrap it or remove it's content also ... both easily achieved using angular.element

Try using: node.innerHTML and checking against that

is it me or post a question on stackoverflow and 20min after test testing I figure it.,...
the answer is that in the selectedContentWrap I already got list of nodes, all I need to do i compare , so a simple if for loop will fit.
To compare the names I just need to use .nodeName as that works cross browser ( correct me if I am wrong)
Some dev say that "dictionary of tag names and anonymous closures instead" - but couldn't find anything. If anyone has this library could you please post it to the question?
here is my code.
var node = selectedContentWrap;
console.log('node that is selectedwrapper', selectedContentWrap)
for (var i = 0; i < selectedContentWrap.length; i++) {
console.log('tag name is ',selectedContentWrap[i].nodeName);
var temptagname = selectedContentWrap[i].nodeName; // for debugging
if(selectedContentWrap[i].nodeName == 'B' ){
console.log('contains element B');


Finding HTML tags by using `content`'s of them from a Google Chrome extension [duplicate]

How can I find DIV with certain text? For example:
SomeText, text continues.
Trying to use something like this:
var text = document.querySelector('div[SomeText*]').innerTEXT;
But ofcourse it will not work. How can I do it?
OP's question is about plain JavaScript and not jQuery.
Although there are plenty of answers and I like #Pawan Nogariya answer, please check this alternative out.
You can use XPATH in JavaScript. More info on the MDN article here.
The document.evaluate() method evaluates an XPATH query/expression. So you can pass XPATH expressions there, traverse into the HTML document and locate the desired element.
In XPATH you can select an element, by the text node like the following, whch gets the div that has the following text node.
//div[text()="Hello World"]
To get an element that contains some text use the following:
//div[contains(., 'Hello')]
The contains() method in XPATH takes a node as first parameter and the text to search for as second parameter.
Check this plunk here, this is an example use of XPATH in JavaScript
Here is a code snippet:
var headings = document.evaluate("//h1[contains(., 'Hello')]", document, null, XPathResult.ANY_TYPE, null );
var thisHeading = headings.iterateNext();
console.log(thisHeading); // Prints the html element in console
console.log(thisHeading.textContent); // prints the text content in console
thisHeading.innerHTML += "<br />Modified contents";
As you can see, I can grab the HTML element and modify it as I like.
You could use this pretty simple solution:
.find(el => el.textContent === 'SomeText, text continues.');
The Array.from will convert the NodeList to an array (there are multiple methods to do this like the spread operator or slice)
The result now being an array allows for using the Array.find method, you can then put in any predicate. You could also check the textContent with a regex or whatever you like.
Note that Array.from and Array.find are ES2015 features. Te be compatible with older browsers like IE10 without a transpiler:'div'))
.filter(function (el) {
return el.textContent === 'SomeText, text continues.'
Since you have asked it in javascript so you can have something like this
function contains(selector, text) {
var elements = document.querySelectorAll(selector);
return, function(element){
return RegExp(text).test(element.textContent);
And then call it like this
contains('div', 'sometext'); // find "div" that contain "sometext"
contains('div', /^sometext/); // find "div" that start with "sometext"
contains('div', /sometext$/i); // find "div" that end with "sometext", case-insensitive
This solution does the following:
Uses the ES6 spread operator to convert the NodeList of all divs to an array.
Provides output if the div contains the query string, not just if it exactly equals the query string (which happens for some of the other answers). e.g. It should provide output not just for 'SomeText' but also for 'SomeText, text continues'.
Outputs the entire div contents, not just the query string. e.g. For 'SomeText, text continues' it should output that whole string, not just 'SomeText'.
Allows for multiple divs to contain the string, not just a single div.
[...document.querySelectorAll('div')] // get all the divs in an array
.map(div => div.innerHTML) // get their contents
.filter(txt => txt.includes('SomeText')) // keep only those containing the query
.forEach(txt => console.log(txt)); // output the entire contents of those
<div>SomeText, text continues.</div>
<div>Not in this div.</div>
<div>Here is more SomeText.</div>
Coming across this in 2021, I found using XPATH too complicated (need to learn something else) for something that should be rather simple.
Came up with this:
function querySelectorIncludesText (selector, text){
return Array.from(document.querySelectorAll(selector))
.find(el => el.textContent.includes(text));
querySelectorIncludesText('button', 'Send')
Note that I decided to use includes and not a strict comparison, because that's what I really needed, feel free to adapt.
You might need those polyfills if you want to support all browsers:
* String.prototype.includes() polyfill
* #see
if (!String.prototype.includes) {
String.prototype.includes = function (search, start) {
'use strict';
if (search instanceof RegExp) {
throw TypeError('first argument must not be a RegExp');
if (start === undefined) {
start = 0;
return this.indexOf(search, start) !== -1;
You best see if you have a parent element of the div you are querying. If so get the parent element and perform an element.querySelectorAll("div"). Once you get the nodeList apply a filter on it over the innerText property. Assume that a parent element of the div that we are querying has an id of container. You can normally access container directly from the id but let's do it the proper way.
var conty = document.getElementById("container"),
divs = conty.querySelectorAll("div"),
myDiv = [...divs].filter(e => e.innerText == "SomeText");
So that's it.
If you don't want to use jquery or something like that then you can try this:
function findByText(rootElement, text){
var filter = {
acceptNode: function(node){
// look for nodes that are text_nodes and include the following string.
if(node.nodeType === document.TEXT_NODE && node.nodeValue.includes(text)){
return NodeFilter.FILTER_ACCEPT;
return NodeFilter.FILTER_REJECT;
var nodes = [];
var walker = document.createTreeWalker(rootElement, NodeFilter.SHOW_TEXT, filter, false);
//give me the element containing the node
return nodes;
//call it like
var nodes = findByText(document.body,'SomeText');
//then do what you will with nodes[];
for(var i = 0; i < nodes.length; i++){
//do something with nodes[i]
Once you have the nodes in an array that contain the text you can do something with them. Like alert each one or print to console. One caveat is that this may not necessarily grab divs per se, this will grab the parent of the textnode that has the text you are looking for.
Google has this as a top result for For those who need to find a node with certain text.
By way of update, a nodelist is now iterable in modern browsers without having to convert it to an array.
The solution can use forEach like so.
var elList = document.querySelectorAll(".some .selector");
elList.forEach(function(el) {
if (el.innerHTML.indexOf("needle") !== -1) {
// Do what you like with el
// The needle is case sensitive
This worked for me to do a find/replace text inside a nodelist when a normal selector could not choose just one node so I had to filter each node one by one to check it for the needle.
Use XPath and document.evaluate(), and make sure to use text() and not . for the contains() argument, or else you will have the entire HTML, or outermost div element matched.
var headings = document.evaluate("//h1[contains(text(), 'Hello')]", document, null, XPathResult.ANY_TYPE, null );
or ignore leading and trailing whitespace
var headings = document.evaluate("//h1[contains(normalize-space(text()), 'Hello')]", document, null, XPathResult.ANY_TYPE, null );
or match all tag types (div, h1, p, etc.)
var headings = document.evaluate("//*[contains(text(), 'Hello')]", document, null, XPathResult.ANY_TYPE, null );
Then iterate
let thisHeading;
while(thisHeading = headings.iterateNext()){
// thisHeading contains matched node
Here's the XPath approach but with a minimum of XPath jargon.
Regular selection based on element attribute values (for comparison):
// for matching <element class="foo bar baz">...</element> by 'bar'
var things = document.querySelectorAll('[class*="bar"]');
for (var i = 0; i < things.length; i++) {
things[i].style.outline = '1px solid red';
XPath selection based on text within element.
// for matching <element>foo bar baz</element> by 'bar'
var things = document.evaluate('//*[contains(text(),"bar")]',document,null,XPathResult.ORDERED_NODE_SNAPSHOT_TYPE,null);
for (var i = 0; i < things.snapshotLength; i++) {
things.snapshotItem(i).style.outline = '1px solid red';
And here's with case-insensitivity since text is more volatile:
// for matching <element>foo bar baz</element> by 'bar' case-insensitively
var things = document.evaluate('//*[contains(translate(text(),"ABCDEFGHIJKLMNOPQRSTUVWXYZ","abcdefghijklmnopqrstuvwxyz"),"bar")]',document,null,XPathResult.ORDERED_NODE_SNAPSHOT_TYPE,null);
for (var i = 0; i < things.snapshotLength; i++) {
things.snapshotItem(i).style.outline = '1px solid red';
There are lots of great solutions here already. However, to provide a more streamlined solution and one more in keeping with the idea of a querySelector behavior and syntax, I opted for a solution that extends Object with a couple prototype functions. Both of these functions use regular expressions for matching text, however, a string can be provided as a loose search parameter.
Simply implement the following functions:
// find all elements with inner text matching a given regular expression
// args:
// selector: string query selector to use for identifying elements on which we
// should check innerText
// regex: A regular expression for matching innerText; if a string is provided,
// a case-insensitive search is performed for any element containing the string.
Object.prototype.queryInnerTextAll = function(selector, regex) {
if (typeof(regex) === 'string') regex = new RegExp(regex, 'i');
const elements = [...this.querySelectorAll(selector)];
const rtn = elements.filter((e)=>{
return e.innerText.match(regex);
return rtn.length === 0 ? null : rtn
// find the first element with inner text matching a given regular expression
// args:
// selector: string query selector to use for identifying elements on which we
// should check innerText
// regex: A regular expression for matching innerText; if a string is provided,
// a case-insensitive search is performed for any element containing the string.
Object.prototype.queryInnerText = function(selector, text){
return this.queryInnerTextAll(selector, text)[0];
With these functions implemented, you can now make calls as follows:
document.queryInnerTextAll('', 'go');
This would find all divs containing the link class with the word go in the innerText (eg. Go Left or GO down or go right or It's Good)
document.queryInnerText('', 'go');
This would work exactly as the example above except it would return only the first matching element.
document.queryInnerTextAll('a', /^Next$/);
Find all links with the exact text Next (case-sensitive). This will exclude links that contain the word Next along with other text.
document.queryInnerText('a', /next/i);
Find the first link that contains the word next, regardless of case (eg. Next Page or Go to next)
e = document.querySelector('#page');
e.queryInnerText('button', /Continue/);
This performs a search within a container element for a button containing the text, Continue (case-sensitive). (eg. Continue or Continue to Next but not continue)
I had similar problem.
Function that return all element which include text from arg.
This works for me:
function getElementsByText(document, str, tag = '*') {
return [...document.querySelectorAll(tag)]
el => (el.text && el.text.includes(str))
|| (el.children.length === 0 && el.outerText && el.outerText.includes(str)))
Since there are no limits to the length of text in a data attribute, use data attributes! And then you can use regular css selectors to select your element(s) like the OP wants.
for (const element of document.querySelectorAll("*")) {
element.dataset.myInnerText = element.innerText;
document.querySelector("*[data-my-inner-text='Different text.']").style.color="blue";
<div>SomeText, text continues.</div>
<div>Different text.</div>
Ideally you do the data attribute setting part on document load and narrow down the querySelectorAll selector a bit for performance.
I was looking for a way to do something similar using a Regex, and decided to build something of my own that I wanted to share if others are looking for a similar solution.
function getElementsByTextContent(tag, regex) {
const results = Array.from(document.querySelectorAll(tag))
.reduce((acc, el) => {
if (el.textContent && el.textContent.match(regex) !== null) {
return acc;
}, []);
return results;

Is there a way to test a css-selector query to an unappended element?

I have this code:
Element.prototype.queryTest = function(strQuery) {
var _r;
if (this.parentElement == null) {
_r =;
} else {
_r =;
return !!(_r+1);
I am searching for some way to test a query to an unappended element.
I want to change the first code to make this work:
var t = document.createElement("span");
If there is a way to detect if the element isn't appended I could create a new temporary unappended one and append the target one to the temporary one to test the css-selector query.
Is there a way to detect if the element hasn't been appended jet? Could the target element be accessible even after freeing the temporary parent one? I have tested it on Chrome and it is accessible but I don't know if that is the case for firefox.
I know I can use document.querySelectorAll("*") to get a list of nodes but... isn't too CPU-demmanding the process to turn this NodeList to an Array? This is why I prefer not to use that way.
Thanks in advance.
There is already a native Element.prototype.matches method which does that:
const el = document.createElement('span');
Note that to check if a node is connected or not, there is the Node.prototype.isConnected getter.
I did it.
Element.prototype.querySelectorTest = function(strQuery) {
var _r;
if (this.parentElement != null) {
_r =,this);
} else if (this == document.documentElement) {
_r = ((document.querySelector(strQuery) == this)-1);
} else {
_r = ((this == document.createElement("i").appendChild(this).parentElement.querySelector(strQuery))-1);
return !!(_r+1);
I changed the way it check the nodeList.
I renamed the function to a more proper name.
If the target element is the root one there's no need to make a querySelectorAll.
If you append the unappended element to a temporary one to test the child you don't loose the reference (variable value in case there is one).
This is not my native language so please consider that.

How to make my css selector engine more flexible?

I created a custom css selector engine function for my custom javascript library like so,
var catchEl = function(el) { // Catching elements by identifying the first character of a string
var firstChar = el[0],
actualNode = el.substring(1, el.length),
tempElems = [];
if (!document.querySelectorAll) {
if(firstChar === "#") {//So, we can look for ids
} else if(firstChar === ".") {//or classes
elements = document.getElementsByClassName(actualNode);
for(i=0;i<elements.length;i++) tempElems.push(elements[i]);
} else {//or tags
elements = document.getElementsByTagName(el);
for(i=0;i<elements.length;i++) tempElems.push(elements[i]);
} catch(e) {};
} else {//but before everything we must check if the best function is available
elements = document.querySelectorAll(el);
for(i=0;i<elements.length;i++) tempElems.push(elements[i]);
} catch(e) {};
return tempElems;
This function returns an array of elements. However, I turned my head around and tried to make it more flexible so that it can also return the window, document or this object, but was unsuccessful. Whenever I try to push the window object into the tempElems array, the array is still empty.
So, I want to know how to make this function return an array of elements when a string is passed through it or return the respective objects(window, document or this) as desired.
Note: I don't want to work with jQuery. So, please don't post any answers regarding jQuery.

How to filter elements returned by QuerySelectorAll

I'm working on a javascript library, and I use this function to match elements:
$ = function (a)
var x;
if (typeof a !== "string" || typeof a === "undefined"){ return a;}
//Pick the quickest method for each kind of selector
return document.getElementById(a.split('#')[1]);
else if(a.match(/^([\w\-]+)$/))
x = document.getElementsByTagName(a);
x = document.querySelectorAll(a);
//Return the single object if applicable
return (x.length === 1) ? x[0] : x;
There are occasions where I would want to filter the result of this function, like pick out a div span, or a #id div or some other fairly simple selector.
How can I filter these results? Can I create a document fragment, and use the querySelectorAll method on that fragment, or do I have to resort to manual string manipulation?
I only care about modern browsers and IE8+.
If you want to look at the rest of my library, it's here:
To clarify, I want to be able to do something like $_(selector).children(other_selector) and return the children elements matching that selector.
So here's my potential solution to the simplest selectors:
tag_reg = /^([\w\-]+)$/;
id_reg = /#([\w\-]+$)/;
class_reg = /\.([\w\-]+)$/;
function _sel_filter(filter, curr_sel)
var i,
len = curr_sel.length,
matches = [];
if(typeof filter !== "string")
return filter;
//Filter by tag
if(curr_sell[i].tagName.toLowerCase() == filter.toLowerCase())
else if(filter.match(class_reg))
else if(filter.match(id_reg))
return document.getElementById(filter);
console.log(filter+" is not a valid filter");
return (matches.length === 1) ? matches[0] : matches;
It takes a tag like div, an id, or a class selector, and returns the matching elements with the curr_sel argument.
I don't want to have to resort to a full selector engine, so is there a better way?
I don't think I get the question right. Why would you want to "filter" the result of querySelectorAll() which infact, is some kind of a filter itself. If you query for div span or even better #id div, those results are already filtered, no ?
However, you can apply Array.prototype.filter to the static result of querySelectorAll like follows:
var filter = Array.prototype.filter,
result = document.querySelectorAll('div'),
filtered = result, function( node ) {
return !!node.querySelectorAll('span').length;
That code would first use querySelectorAll() to query for all <div> nodes within the document. Afterwards it'll filter for <div> nodes which contain at least one <span>. That code doesn't make much sense and is just for demonstrative purposes (just in case some SO member wants to create a donk comment)
You can also filter with Element.compareDocumentPosition. I'll also tell if Elements are disconnected, following, preceding, or contained. See MDC .compareDocumentPosition()
Note: NodeList is not a genuine array, that is to say it doesn't have
the array methods like slice, some, map etc. To convert it into an
array, try Array.from(nodeList).
for example:
let highlightedItems = Array.from(userList.querySelectorAll(".highlighted"));
highlightedItems.filter((item) => {
Most concise way in 2019 is with spread syntax ... plus an array literal [...], which work great with iterable objects like the NodeList returned by querySelectorAll:
[...document.querySelectorAll(".myClass")].filter(el=>{/*your code here*/})
Some browsers that support qsa also support a non-standard matchesSelector method, like:
...that will return a boolean representing whether element matched the selector provided. So you could iterate the collection, and apply that method, retaining positive results.
In browsers that don't have a matchesSelector, you'd probably need to build your own selector based method similar to the selector engine you're building.

How might I determine the XPath of a DOM element?

In JavaScript, supposing I have a reference to an element, how do I retrieve an XPath expression that would select it?
Is there something like objElement.xpath?
Since Annibigi doesn't want to post the solution, I'll do it: See this snippet.
This is not XPATH related, but just to show you how you can get the parent/child relationship with a damn simple while loop.
var pathAt = function(node) {
var stack = [];
while(node.parentNode !== null) {
node = node.parentNode;
return stack.join('/');
// Usage : pathAt(document.getElementBy('moo'));